“Le Marathon Des Chateaux Du Medoc” has over 20 wine stops on the course

We were only in the Bordeaux region briefly.

It wasn’t like we recorded Exile on Main Street (although we did some decent writing).

But friends of Amy’s had taken us from the train station to Moubisson, and two weeks later picked us up, but only after a luxiourous lunch in Bordeaux, at their vineyard (I got excited because I got the Internet to work and downloaded and sent two weeks of Internet stuff).

Rebecca Fishbein of Bustle writes the world’s longest boozy race Bordeaux is in which participants are supposed to pair running with 23 glasses of Bordeaux wine. That seems … not what marathons are intended for, but it certainly sounds more pleasant than pairing running with protein gels and chafed nipples, so.

Apparently, the Marathon du Médoc is an age-old tradition, dating all the way back to, um, 1985. Every September, thousands of people from all over the world descend upon Bordeaux to take part in the race, which is essentially the opposite of a regular marathon. According to the Guardian, participants dress in costume instead of JackRabbit gear, which means attendees might show up as sexy policemen, Smurfs, zombies, or zebras; they wind through beautiful vineyards and chateaus, where they stop for wine, cheese, waffles, fruits and oysters, which cannot possibly be conducive foods for exercise; there is at least one steak break, and, of course, there are the aforementioned 23 glasses of wine. The race takes about six and a half hours, and unlike real marathon races, participants are encouraged to take that time, and not actually speed through it all. But even without a sprint, the race does lead to some, uh, interestingmoments, like this one in the Guardian:

Plodding along in my own merry way, I’m quite oblivious to the mileage we’re getting through. It’s Birdy who breaks into a spontaneous, projectile vomit around 18 miles (29km), necessitating another Imodium tablet. “Too late,” he shouts, seconds later, running off at a speed we could have done with a while back towards the nearest chemical toilet.


Social media helps investigation of sapovirus gastroenteritis at 2011 Las Vegas Marathon

The annual Rock ‘n’ Roll Las Vegas Marathon and ½ Marathon was attended by about 44,000 runners on Sunday Dec. 4, 2011. By Tuesday, complaints of illness were trickling in to the Southern Nevada Health District. By Thursday, traditional media reported on increasing complaints of barfing on the event’s Facebook page. An investigation was launched.

Within a week, health-types were able to say it wasn’t the water distributed during the race that made runners sick, quelling a rumor that had already taken on a life of its own.

Below are excerpts from the final report, issued last week, identifying the first outbreak of sapovirus in Nevada and the emerging role of social media in epidemiological investigations.

Links to an epidemiology online survey were shared on the marathon’s Facebook page (with 25,732 followers) by members of the running community on four consecutive days starting on the day of release of the survey, and a total of 42 times within one week as part of a number of discussions among ill runners. Twenty-two people shared the survey link on Twitter, potentially reaching 17,982 followers. A total of 362 responses had been submitted within 12 hours of the release of the survey. After the survey had been posted for 4 days, a total of 1,146 surveys had been submitted. Of the 1,082 completed surveys, 578 (53.4%) were from persons who reported developing diarrhea or vomiting. Of these, 528 (91.3%) met the case definition.

Seventeen ill local runners were requested to provide stool specimens; specimens were provided by nine marathon runners and two symptomatic children of a symptomatic marathon runner. Specimens were collected between December 9, 2011 and December 11, 2011 (5-7 days after symptom onset), and all specimens submitted were formed stools. Two were positive by rRT-PCR for sapovirus and negative for all other tested pathogens at CDC and the SNPHL

The findings of this investigation point to the source of the sapovirus outbreak among marathon runners as a common exposure on the morning before the race, most likely at the health and fitness expo. It was not possible to determine which common exposure was responsible for the outbreak. The timing of the exposure and the incubation period of sapovirus resulted in the majority of cases becoming ill during the race or in the hours shortly after; however, exposure during the race was not the cause of the outbreak.

Sapoviruses (genus Sapovirus, family Caliciviridae) are a group of viruses that cause acute gastroenteritis in humans. Sapovirus is not as well-characterized as norovirus, but is thought to be similar to norovirus in that it has a short incubation period (1-2 days), low infectious dose, causes a self-limiting illness that is rarely serious with a significant percentage of asymptomatic infections, and is easily spread from person to person through fecal-oral transmission. Both infections cause diarrhea, although a lesser percentage of sapovirus patients develop vomiting as compared to norovirus patients.

Outbreaks of sapovirus have been reported in the literature, but reports of foodborne outbreaks and outbreaks among adults outside long-term care are rare and the majority of cases occur in children under 5 years of age. This outbreak represents the first outbreak of sapovirus in Southern Nevada and the first time the virus has been identified in the local population. However, sapovirus testing is not available locally and has not been previously ordered during an outbreak. Rather than representing a newly-introduced disease, the identification of the virus likely indicates that sapovirus circulates at low levels in the population but goes unidentified.

This investigation was also the health district’s foray into using social media as an investigative tool, rather than just as a method of disseminating information to the public. Using the active community of runners on Facebook and Twitter allowed for the rapid dissemination of the survey directly to the exposed population without a delay in requesting participant information from the race organizers. Comments posted to social media sites provided ongoing, real-time insight into the needs and concerns of the ill population, and provided a feel for the efficacy of health district investigation efforts. Comments about SNHD were overwhelmingly positive, and indicated a level of trust and willingness to cooperate from the community.

Ill and non-ill runners quickly responded to the survey, which allowed SNHD staff to rapidly identify ill persons for laboratory testing. It also allowed for a preliminary data analysis to be quickly completed, which allowed the water provided by race organizers, an early focus of complaints by runners, to be ruled out as a source of the outbreak. The water provided in the race was the same potable water that is distributed throughout Southern Nevada, and it was important to quickly determine if the general population was at risk of disease.

The ill persons identified by SNHD staff complied very quickly with the request to submit specimens for laboratory testing. The submission of stool samples for testing is often a difficult task due to the type of sample requested and the handling requirements. The ill persons were highly motivated to provide samples that could be used to identify the causative agent of the outbreak.

In the future, several steps should be implemented to improve the investigative process and to prevent disease at similar events. First, although the survey was developed quickly, a standard template should be developed to allow the rapid deployment of standardized surveys for illness. In addition, corresponding standard analytic tools should be developed to allow for the rapid analysis of survey data.

Next, SNHD should consider using social media more frequently to administer surveys given the appropriate audience; in this case, the use of Facebook was effective because there was an active community of marathon frequently posting and reading the marathon’s page. During a large event, it might be appropriate to set up a social media site for the event response. This would provide an additional avenue for SNHD to share information from the public, and following discussions would allow for real-time feedback on the needs and concerns of the public. However, the decision to launch a social media site should be thoroughly discussed prior to launch, as it would place SNHD in the role of moderating the discussion on the topic (for example, removing libelous comments or threats against employees). It would also necessitate the development of policies on the participation in such discussion by staff members on work time or personal time.

The complete report is available at: http://www.southernnevadahealthdistrict.org/download/stats-reports/rocknroll-marathon-sapovirus-outbreak-final-report.pdf.

Dirty hydrant water theory flushed; unlikely source of Vegas marathon outbreak

Health officials told Associated Press tainted water doesn’t seem to be the cause behind hundreds of reports of gastrointestinal illness following the Rock ‘n’ Roll Las Vegas Marathon.

Southern Nevada Health District epidemiologists say preliminary results of their investigation released Thursday are "largely inconsistent" with the hypothesis that hydrant water passed out during the race sickened runners.

Authorities say no cause for the illness has been determined.

Hydrant water tested clean before race; what sickened Vegas marathoners?

Health officials are testing stool samples from runners in the Rock ‘n’ Roll Marathon in Las Vegas who say water passed out during the race made them sick.

Southern Nevada Health District officials are testing for stomach flu and other diseases, and expect results later this week. An online survey they’ve posted has already drawn responses from more than 800 participants.

The Dec. 4 event drew about 44,000 participants, who paid up to $179 to run a half or full marathon. Dozens of runners posted stories on Facebook about nausea, vomiting and severe stomach pain after the race.

Race organizers had filled plastic-lined garbage cans with hydrant water, which was used to fill cups offered to racers along the course – a standard practice, marathon officials say. Volunteers wearing plastic gloves dipped cups into the garbage cans before passing the water to runners.

While some runners complained that the water tasted odd or unclean, Las Vegas Valley Water District officials say the hydrant water was tested and found to be safe days before the race.

Vegas officials reviewing marathon illness claims

Some runners who participated in the Rock `n’ Marathon in Las Vegas say water passed out during the race made them sick.

The Las Vegas Sun reports that health officials are investigating at least 10 claims of intestinal problems following the Sunday night marathon. They also have posted a survey to pinpoint a possible source for illness complaints that have been posted on Facebook.

Race organizers filled lined buckets or trash cans with hydrant water, which was used to fill cups offered to racers along the course.

Some runners complained that the water tasted odd or unclean.

Race organizers say the hydrant water was tested and found to be safe.

How about those trash cans?